This dictionary presents the literary
Vepsian language based on the central dialect; a linguistical commission in
Petroskoi, Karelia, in 1989 - 1991, elaborated its phonetical and morphological
principles. Absence of such a dictionary decreased interest in our language
among those students and researchers who do not have a complete command of
Russian, Estonian, or Finnish.
All Vepsian headwords are entered in alphabetical order. Immutable parts of the
words are separated from changeable parts by vertical lines, for instance: ezmä|ine,
Headwords are followed by brackets containing word-formative elements:
for nouns, adjectives and pronouns: those forming the Genitive case in the singular (and for two-stem words also in the plural), and the Partitive case in the plural;
verbs: those forming third person' forms of Present and Past Imperfect
tenses in the singular.
- (Dash) substitutes the part of a headword separated by a vertical line, for
(-ab, -oi) - read:
ajada, ajoi; paim|en
(-nen, -ent, -nid)
- read: paimen, paimnen, paiment, paimnid.
If the headword (noun) is used only in the plural, then it is followed only by
the Partitive case in the plural;
If the Past Imperfect form coincides with the immutable part of a verb, then the headword is followed only by the third person' form of the Present tense in singular, for instance: tahtoi|da (-b) - read: tahtoida, tahtoib, tahtoi; voi|da (-b) - read: voida, voib, voi;
Parts of composite words are separated by doubled vertical lines: sarak||lind, mod||polišk.
Our main goal is to acquaint you with the language's basic word stock. Off course, the vocabulary will be continually replenished.
2001.05.19 We decided to divide the dictionary in two parts.
A - K L - Ö
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