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A - K


A

abekirj (-an, -oid) - school primer

abi|tta (-dib, -di) - to offend

abu (-n, -id) - aid, assistance

abut|ada (-ab, -i) - to help

adiv (-on, -oid) - guest

agj (-an, -oid) - 1. end; 2. province

ahav (-on, -oid) - wind

aht|az (-han, -hid) - poky

ahven (-en, -id) - perch

aid (-an, -oid) - fence

aig (-an, -oid) - time

aigašti adv - early

aigemba adv - earlier

aigoin - maybe

aigoiš adv - early

aj|ada (-ab, -oi) - to go, ride, drive

ak (-an, -oid) - wife

al postposition under; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + al: mägen al under the hill

alahaks - downwards

alahan - beneath

ala|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - mitten

alasto|i (-man, -nt, -mid) - naked

ald (-on, -oid) - wave

alemba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) adj - lower

alle postposition under (whither); usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + alle: mägen alle down the hill

alpäi postposition from under, from beneath; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + alpäi: sildan alpäi from under the bridge

am|pta (-bub, -bui) - to shoot

amu adv - long ago, a long time ago

amu|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - ancient, old

ani - quite, totally, entirely

aniku - as if

an|tta (-dab, -doi) - to give

armast|ada (-ab, -oi) - to love

arm|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - beloved

asti|i (-jan, -joid) - dish

ast|ta (-ub, -ui) - to go

azj (-an, -oid) - business, affair, matter (of), legal case

azot|ada (-ab, -i) - to stop smb., smth.

ažlak (-on, -oid) - greedy

avadi|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - key

avai|ta (-dab, -ži) - to open

avoin (-uden, -ut, -uzid) adj - open

avoin||su (-n, -id) - day-dreamer, bystander

 

B

bab (-an, -oid) - grandmother

babarm (-on) - raspberry

babi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to nurce

babuk (-an, -oid) - mushroom (tubular)

bajut|ada (-ab, -i) - to rock smb.

barb (-an, -oid) - brunch

barbhaižil - on tiptoe

bard (-an, -oid) - beard

boba|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - toy

bol (-an) - cowberry

buč (-in, -id) - barrel

bumbak (-on, -oid) - beetle, bug

burbut|ada (-ab, -i) - 1. to growl, to grumble; 2. to mutter

 

C

cipu|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - chiken

 

Č

čak (-on) - blood

čap|ta (-ab, -oi) - to cut

čičit|ada (-ab, -i) - to twitter, to chirp

čihot|ada (-ab, -i) - to spread (for instance, one's fingers etc.)

čubu (-n, -id) - swing

čibu|da (-b, -i) - 1. to swing oneself; 2. to sway, to rock smb.

čigiča|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - black currant

čog|a (an, -id) - inner corner

čom|a (an, -id) - nice, pretty

čomas adv - nicely

čomašti adv - nicely

čomin adv - nicely

čomit|ada (-ab, -i) - to decorate

čomite|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - decoration, ornament

čopak (-on, -oid) - quick, brisk; adroit, agile, dexterous, slick

čuklos adv - under water; ujuda čuklos to swim under water

 

D

da, dai conj - and 

ded (-an, -oid) - grandfather

dä|d' (-dän, -did) - uncle

 

E

ec|ta (-ib, -i) - to look for, search for

edaha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - distant

edahaks adv - far (whither), into the distance

edahan adv - far

edahanpäi adv - from afar

edeleze -  farther, further, henceforth

edemba adv - farther, further

  1. edes adv - at the head (of smth)

  2. edes postposition - before, in front of; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + edes: pertin edes before a house; minun edes in front of me

eglai adv - yesterday

eht (-an, -oid) - evening

eht||longi (-n, -d) - supper

eht|tä (-ib, -i) - to be in time for, to have time to

ei sa - 1. it is not allowed to; 2. it is impossible to

el'ge|ta (-ndab, -nzi) - to understand

elo (-n, -id) - life

elo||ku (-n, -id) - August

eläbzdu|da (-b, -i) - to revive, to come back to life

el|äda (-äb, -i) - to live

elä|i (-jan, -jid) - inhabitant, dweller, resident

em|ä (-än, -id) - female; (in some cases) doe, cow, hen-bird

emäg (-an, -id) - 1. proprietress, landlady; 2. mistress, hostess, housewife

enamba adv - more

ende adv - long ago

endust|ada (-ab, -i) - to foretell, to prophesy, to predict, to forecast

era|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - some

eriži adv - separately

eskai adv - 1. even; 2. afterwards

ezi||paik (-an, -oid) - apron

ezmärg (-en, -id) - monday

ezmäi adv - at first

ezmä|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - first

 

F

fater (-an, -oid) noun - flat, apartment, lodgings

flag (-an, -oid) - flag

 

G

garb||ol (-lon) - cranberry

gaved (-in, -id) - insect

go|l'l' (-llän, -llid) - poor

 

H

hab (-an, -oid) - aspen

habi adv - only just, hardly

habuk (-an, -oid) - hawk

hahk (-an, -oid) - grey

hal|a (-an, -oid) - frosts; sügüz'||hala early frosts

hamb|az (-han, -ast, -hid) - tooth

han|h' (-en, -id) - goose

harag (-an, -id) - magpie

harv (-an, -oid) - rare

harvas adv - rarely

harvašti adv - rarely

hau|g' (-gen, -gid) - pike

hebo (-n, -id) - horse

heik|ta (-ab, -i) - to hail smb., to call to

heim (-on, -oid) - relative

hein (-än, -id) - 1. grass; 2. hay

heit|ta (-ab, -i) - 1. to throw, to throw away; 2. to stop smth., to end, to discontinue, to cease

hen|g' (-gen, -gid) - soul

hen|ktä (-gib, -gi) - to breathe

heraštu|da (-b, -i) - to awake, to wake up

hiht|ta (-ab, -i) - to ski

hilläs adv - 1. softly; 2. noiselessly; 3. slowly

hilläšti adv - 1. softly; 2. noiselessly; 3. slowly

hi|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - coal

hi||l'l' (-llän, -lllid) adj - 1. soft (sound); 2. noiseless; 3. slow

himo (-n, -id) - wish, desire

himoi|ta (-čeb, -či) - to want

hi|r' (-ren, -rt, -rid) - mouse

hir|b' (-ben, -bid) - elk

hir'pulo (-n, -id) - owl

hobed (-an) - silver noun

hobeda|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - silver adj

hodr (-an, -oid) - scabbard, sheath

hoik (-an, -id) - thin

ho|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. care; 2. anxiety, uneasiness; 3. worry

homai|ta (-čeb, -či) - to notice

homen adv - tomorrow

homende|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - morning

hond (-on, -oid) - bad

hotk (-an, -id) - quick

hotkas adv - quickly

hub|a (-an, -id) - bad

hubin adv - badly

hui|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - shameful

huiktu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - shame

hul (-an, -id) - hot

hu|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - lip

hur|a (-an, -id) - left

hübj (-än, -id) - eagle-owl

hüp|tä (-ib, -i) - to jump

höun|eh (-hen, -eht, -hid) - feather

hüv|ä (-än, -id) - good

hämär (-an, -oid) - twilight

hän (hänen, Partitive in the singular - händast) - he, she

händ (-an, -id) - tail

händika|z (-han, -st, -hid) - wolf

hätken adv - for a long time

hö (heiden, heid) - they

 

I

iče pronoun - myself, yourself, himself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

-ik - interrogative particle; usage: voin-ik can I?

ihastu|da (-b, -i) - to rejoice at (over)

ik|un (-nan, -noid) - window

il'be|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - lynx

ilo (-n, -id) - joy

ird (-an, -oid) - 1. street; 2. outside

išk|ta (-eb, -i) - to hit, strike

išt|ta (-ub, -ui) - to sit

išt|im (-men, -int, -mid) - chair, seat

 

J

jatk|ta (-ub, -ui) - to continue

jaug (-an, -oid) - leg

jauh (-on) - flour

jo - already

jo|da (-b, -i) - to drink

joga (pronoun, but indeclinable) - every

jog|i (-en, -id) - river

joks|ta (-eb, -i) - to run

jüged (-an, -oid) - 1. heavy; 2. difficult; 3. hard (work)

jüv|ä (-än, -id) - grain

jä (-n) - ice

jä|da (-b, -i) - to remain

jädu|da (-b, -i) - to freeze, to turn into ice

jäl'ghe postposition - after; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + jäl'ghe: hänen jälg'he after him

jäl'gmäi - at last

jäniš (-an, -id) - hare

järv (-en, -id) - lake

jät|ta (-ab, -i) - to leave

 

K

kac|ta (-ub, -ui) - to look at

kadag (-en) - juniper

kadot|ada (-ab, -i) - to loose

kagl (-an, -oid) - neck

kagl||paik (-an, -oid) - scarf

kahes|a (-an, -id) - eight

kahesa||tošt||kümne (kahesan||tošt||kümnen, kahesid||tošt||kümnid) - eighteen

kaid (-an, -oid) - narrow

kai|da (-vab, -voi) - to dig

kaik (-en, -id) - everything

kaikjal adv every ware

kaiku|tte adj (-ččen, -ttušt, -ččid) - every

kai|ta (-čeb, -či) - 1. to keep, to take care of smth., to preserve; 2. to guard

kajag (-en, -id) - seagull

kaks' (kahten, kaksid) - two

kaks'||kümne (kahten||kümnen, kaht||kümned, kaksid||kümnid) - twenty

kaks'||sadad (kahten||sadan, kaht||sadad, kaksid||sadoid) - two hundred

kaks'||tošt||kümne (kahten||tošt||kümnen, kaht||tošt||kümned, kaksid||tošt||kümnid) - twelve

kal|a (-an, -oid) - fish

ka|lliž (-l'hen, -llišt, -l'hid) - 1. precious; 2. valuable; 3. expensive

kalu (-n, -id) - 1. thing; 2. stick

kan|a (-an, -oid) - hen

kand (-an, -oid) - stump

kandiš|ta (-eb, -i) - to carry

kanz (-an, -oid) - family

kan|tta (-dab, -doi) - to carry

karthe postposition like smth, smb; as smth, smb; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Genitive + karthe: mäčun karthe like a ball; minun karthe as me

kast|ta (-ab, -oi) - to wet, to soak

kaz|da (-vab, -voi) - to grow

kaži (-n, -b) - cat

kebn (-an, -oid) - 1. light; 2. easy

kego (-n, -id) - stack

kehker (-an, -id) adj - round

keh|da (-ub, -ui) - to boil, to seethe

keht|ta (-ab, -i) - to will

keito|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - soup

keit|ta (-ab, -i) - to cook, to boil

kell (-on, -oid) - bell

ke|l' (-len, -l't, -lid) - 1. tongue; 2. language; vepsän kel' Vepsian language

ken - who

ken|g' (-än, -id) - footwear

ker|a (-an, -oid) - 1. tangle; 2. head (of cabbage)

kera|ta (-dab, -zi) - 1. to collect, to gather, to round up, to assemble; 2. to pick up; 3. to get smb ready (for a journey)

kerd (-an, -oid) - time; kaks' kerdad twice (two times)

kesked, keskel - in the middle of; usage: kesked (keskel) + noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Partitive; kesked lavad in the middle of the floor

keskes - between; usage: noun (numeral, adj., pronoun) in Adessive + keskes; pertil keskes between the houses

kez|a (-an, -oid) - summer

kevä|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - spring

kibed (-an, -oid) - sore, bad

kibin (-an, -oid) - spark

kirj (-an, -oid) - book

kirjam (-en, -id) - letter, character

kirjamišt (-on, -oid) - alphabet

kirjav (-an, -id) - parti-colored, variegated

kirje|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - letter

kirjišt (-on, -oid) - library

kirjut|ada (-ab, -i) - to write

kirjuti|m (-men, -nt, -mid) - pen

kir|kta (-gub, -gui) - 1. to cry, shout, bawl; 2. to call

kirv|ez (-hen, -est, -hid) - axe

kit|tä (-äb, -i) - 1. to praise; 2. to thank

kiv|i (-en, -id) - stone

kodi (-n, -d) - home

kodi||ma (-n, -id) - motherland

kogo (-n, -id) - heap, pile

koir (-an, -id) - dog

koiv (-un, -uid) - berch

kojeg (-en, -id) - moth

komb (-un, -uid) - knee

komed (-an, -oid) - loud

kond|i (-jan, -jid) - bear

konz - when

kor|ged (-ktan, -ktoid) - high

korv (-an, -id) - ear

kosk|ta (-eb, -i) - to touch

koumanz||päiv (-än, -id) - wednesday

koum|e (-en, -id) - three

koume||tošt||kümne (koumen||tošt||kümnen, koumid||tošt||kümnid) - thirteen

  1. ku noun month

  2. ku conjunction if

kuc|ta (-ub, -ui) - to call smb

kudamb (-an, -id) - which

kudma|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - moon

kudo|da (-b, -i) - weave

kuiva|ta (-dab, -zi) - to dry

kujo (-n, -id) - side-street, lane

kukoi (-n, -d) - cock

kukku|da (-b, -i) - to cuckoo

kuld (-an) - gold

kulda|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - golden

kul|da (-eb, -i) - to hear

kulu (-n, -id) - worn-out, old

kuna - where (Illative)

kurg (-en, -id) - crane

kurk (-un, -uid) - throat, larynx

kus - where (Inessive)

kuspäi - where... from (Elative)

ku|z' (-zen, -zid) - fir-tree

ku|z' (-den, -t, -zid) - six

kuz'||tošt||kümne (kuden||tošt||kümnen, kut||tošt||kümned, kuzid||tošt||kümnid) - sixteen

kut - how

kuti - as, like smth

kuv|a (-an, -id) - picture

kuvaha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) - 1. shadow; 2. reflection

kuver|z' (-dan, -t, -zid) - how much, how many

küks|ta (-eb, -i) - to turn out, to expel, to fire, to drive (cattle)

kül'bet (-in, -id) - sauna, bath-house

kül'|ptäs (-bese, -bihe) - to bathe, to have a bath

kül|ä (-än, -id) - village

kümn|e (-en, -id) - ten

kündl|ed (-id) - tears

kündu|z (-sen, -st, -sid) - doorstep, threshold

kün|stä (-zib, -zi) - to scratch

küzu|da (-b, -i) - to ask

küzund (-an, -oid) - question

käbed (-an, -oid) - 1. pretty; 2. fine (day)

käbu (-n, -id) - cone

käg|i (-en, -id) - cuckoo

kärbha|ine (-ižen, -št, -ižid) noun - fly

kärbäs||se|n' (-nen, -n't, -nid) - fly-agaric

käred (-an, -oid) - 1. cruel, wicked, vicious, ill-natured; 2. spiteful, malicious; 3. angry

käs'k (-ön, -öid) - order, command

käsk|ta (-eb, -i) - to order, to command

kä|zi (-den, -t, -zid) - arm, hand

kä|ta (-ndab, -ndi) - 1. to turn; 2. to change, turn smb, smth into; 3. to translate

kävu|da (-b, -i) - 1. to walk; 2. to ware smth


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